Profile. Adivasis is the collective name used for the many indigenous peoples of India. The term Adivasi derives from the Hindi word 'adi' which means of earliest. Adivasi. people. Adivasi, (Hindi: “Original Inhabitants”)official name (in India) Scheduled Tribes, any of various ethnic groups considered to be the original inhabitants of the Indian subcontinent. The term is used primarily in India and Bangladesh. With adidas Sport eyewear you will find the right eyewear for every occasion ✓ sports glasses ✓ goggles ✓ sunglasses ➤ Explore our glasses now!
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A number of hydro schemes have been carried out since independence, and a constitutional and political war is currently being waged over the construction of the largest dam in ADVIOASM Narmada basin. As with the ADVIOASM castes, members of scheduled tribes are beneficiaries of affirmative action provisions laid down in the constitution, which reserve places in ADVIOASM, the civil service and nationalized industries.
Affirmative action policies have led to a noticeable increase of Scheduled Tribes in government sector employment and in public educational institutions. However, any success ADVIOASM reservations ADVIOASM been uneven across sectors; while significant ADVIOASM are visible at the lower cadders of governmental services, there is a dearth of Schedule Caste representation at the higher echelons of public service and key governmental posts.
Furthermore, the affirmative actions policies — strictly limited to public sector — have not improved the prospects of Schedule Tribes in ADVIOASM growing private sector. Even in the limited areas of ADVIOASM advantages, Adivasis often face hardships and ADVIOASM because of physical remoteness, poverty and prevalent social prejudices. Since few Adivasis finish schooling, most are ADVIOASM to use the reserved places in higher education or the civil service.
Conflict Some Adivasis have been organized by left-wing groups, known ADVIOASM in India as Naxalities, to press for higher wages and payments for forest produce. The Naxalite movement, which initially was a product of student-led insurrection in Bengal during the late s and early s, subsequently spread to regions of ADVIOASM state, ADVIOASM Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh.
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As a result, Adivasis risked becoming victims of both Naxalite pressures and government counterinsurgency campaigns. Police, forest guards and officials have cheated, bullied and intimidated Adivasis, and large numbers have routinely been arrested and jailed, often for petty offences. In such circumstances many ADVIOASM preferred to bribe officials in order to escape harassment, or else flee into the jungles.
Current ADVIOASM Adivasis continue to face prejudice and often violence from mainstream ADVIOASM society. They are at the lowest point ADVIOASM almost every socio-economic indicator.
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The majority of the population regards them as primitive, and government programmes aim at integrating them with the majority society, rather than allowing them to maintain their distinctive way of life. While the larger tribal groups and languages will survive as a result of numbers, the destruction of their economic base and ADVIOASM poses grave threats ADVIOASM those who are still able to follow their traditional way of ADVIOASM and may result ADVIOASM the cultural extinction of many of the smaller Adivasi peoples.
The quotas within higher education ADVIOASM jobs which require technical knowledge seem to ADVIOASM not worked in improving access so far. Quotas for Adivasis, for example, at the higher education levels remain unfilled.
About ADVIOASM percent of Dalit and Adivasi children drop out before high school. The Panchayat Raj Extension to the Scheduled ADVIOASM Act ofwas introduced in the late s as a legislative means of promoting self-governance in rural areas through the creation of local village bodies. This legislation ADVIOASM helped adivasis to formulate responses to various local issues and to organise themselves at a local level by building local political institutions. The implementation of the Act needs to be strengthened further to help adivasis protect their interests and identity in various states across India.
There has been a lack of supportive role by the state to the Adivasi community when it has come to land re-distribution rights, rights of marginal farmers and daily wagers, rights of the tillers of ADVIOASM soil and rehabilitation rights.
It needs to be stated that Adivasis constitute the poorest component across various states in India irrespective of the political make-up of ADVIOASM state governments. ADVIOASM Adivasi districts of West Bengal-Birbhum, Bankura, Purulia-are some of the poorest districts in India in spite of a leftist government in power in the state continuously since ADVIOASM nationalisation trend ADVIOASM the s to build heavy industry close to the source of raw materials has further contributed to systematic displacement of Adivasis from their land.
The districts in some of the ADVIOASM non-left states like Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, ADVIOASM similar socio-economic indicators as far as the adivasi population is concerned. The creation of Jharkhand, Chattisgarh and Uttaranchal during the tenure of the Bharatiya Janata Party BJP government has been a small step forward in restoring to the adivasis their sense of identity and their sense of existence.
The state of Jharkhand was ADVIOASM to essentially give the right of political organisation to the adivasi community through the rights of a separate state. There is now a discourse for a reservation for the adivasi community in jobs and education at a state level.